When: March 6, 1957

Where: Ghana

Kwame Nkrumah, a renowned pan-Africanist, leads Ghana to independence as Britain’s first African colony to obtain majority-rule independence. Ghana stood, as Nkrumah stated, as proof that “Africans conduct their own affairs with efficiency and tolerance and through the exercise of democracy. We must set an example to all Africa.”


Further Reading:

Akon Ninsin, Kwame. Ghana: Transition to Democracy. African Books Collective, 2008.

Birmingham, David. Kwame Nkrumah: The Father of African Nationalism. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1998.

Fuller, Harcourt. Building the Ghanaian Nation-State: Kwame Nkrumah’s Symbolic Nationalism. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Nkrumah, Kwame. The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah. Edinburgh: Nelson, 1957.

Nkrumah, Kwame. Dark Days in Ghana. Panaf, 1968.

Poe, Daryl Zizwe. Kwame Nkrumah’s Contribution to Pan-Africanism: An Afrocentric Analysis. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Schauert, Paul W. Staging Ghana: Artistry and Nationalism in State Dance Ensembles. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2015.