When: 1965

Where: Harlem, New York, United States.

In 1965, Amiri Baraka founds the Black Arts Repertory Theatre School in Harlem and sparked the Black Arts Movement in Harlem. Throughout his life, Baraka collaborated with artists across the Black Atlantic to bring Black artists together.


Further Reading:

An Introduction to the Black Arts Movement.” Poetry Foundation. N.d.

Baraka, Amiri. “The Black Arts Movement: Its Meaning and Potential.” NKA 29 (2011): 22-31.

Benston, Kimberly W. Performing Blackness: Enactments of African-American Modernism. London: Routledge, 2000.

Decker, Jeffrey Louis. The Black Aesthetic Movement. Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1991.

Phelps, Carmen L. Visionary Women Writers of Chicago’s Black Arts Movement. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2013.

Smethurst, James. “’Pat Your Foot and Turn the Corner’: Amiri Baraka, The Black Arts Movement, and the Poetics of a Popular Avant-Garde.” African American Review 37, no. 2-3 (2003): 261-270.

Warren, Nagueyalti. “Pan-African Cultural Movements: From Baraka to Karenga.” The Journal of Negro History 75, no. 1-2 (1990): 16-28.

Watts, Jerry Gafio. Amiri Baraka and the Politics and Art of a Black Intellectual. New York: New York University Press, 2001.

Woodard, Komozi. Nation within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and Black Power Politics. Charlotte: The University of North Carolina Press, 1999.