When: Docks at the Port of Tilbury, 21 June 1948

Where: Port of Tilbury

The Empire Windrush’s docking at Port of Tilbury in 1948 marked the starting point of West Indian migration to Britain as a result of the British Nationalist Act of 1948 that granted citizenship to citizens of the United Kingdom and its colonies in an effort to assist in post-war recovery.

Further Reading:

BBC World Service. “From the Caribbean to Britain – a journey on the Empire Windrush – BBC World Service Podcast.” October 22, 2020.

Belchem, John. Before the Windrush: race relations in twentieth-century Liverpool. London: Liverpool University Press, 2014.

Blackstone, Tessa, Parekh, Bhikhu C. and Peter Sanders. Race Relations in Britain: A Developing Agenda. London: Routledge, 1998.

Brown, J. Dillon. Beyond Windrush: Rethinking postwar Anglophone Caribbean Literature. Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2015.

Cavendish, Richard. “Arrival of SS Empire Windrush.” History Today. June 6, 1998.

Cummings, Ronald. “Ain’t no black in (Brexit) Union Jack? Race and empire in the era of Brexit and the Windrush scandal.” Journal of Postcolonial Writing 56, no. 5 (2020): 593-606.

Levy, Andrea. “Back to my Own Country: An essay by Andrea Levy.” Windrush Stories. British Library, 2014.

Lowe, Hannah. “’Remember the Ship’: Narrating the Empire Windrush.” Journal of Postcolonial Writing 54, no. 4 (2018): 542-555.

Lunn, Kenneth. “The British state and immigration, 1945-51: New light on the empire Windrush.” Immigrants and Minorities 8, no. 1-2 (1989): 161-174.

Mead, Matthew. “Empire Windrush: The cultural memory of an imaginary arrival.” Journal of Postcolonial Writing 45, no. 2 (2009): 137-149.

Peplow, Simon. “’In 1997 Nobody Had Heard of Windrush’: The Rise of the ‘Windrush Narrative’ in British Newspapers.” Immigrants and Minorities 37, no. 3 (2019): 211-237.