When: August 14, 1941
Where: Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, Canada.
Developed between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, the Atlantic Charter was widely acclaimed due to one of its provisions that emphasized the autonomy of the imperial colonies when thinking of what an ideal new world would look like. Despite never being ratified, after WWII, the Atlantic Charter was used by the United States to pressure the British to begin thinking about granting independence to its colonies.
Borgwardt, Elizabeth. A New Deal for the World: America’s Vision for Human Rights. United States: Harvard University Press, 2007.
Brazier, David. “The Atlantic Charter: Revitalizing the Spirit of the Founding of the United Nations over Seventy Years Past.” The United Nations.
Brinkley, Douglas and David R. Facey-Crowther. The Atlantic Charter. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994.
Kluger, Michael and Richard Evans. Roosevelt’s and Churchill’s Atlantic Charter: A Risky Meeting at Sea that Saved Democracy. US Naval Institute Press, 2021.
Sherwood, Marika. “’Diplomatic platitudes’: The Atlantic Charter, The United Nations and colonial independence.” Immigrants & Minorities 15, no. 2 (1996): 135-150.